Infantry Drills

A-22: Mission Analysis

Previous: A-21: Step 3 – Make a Tentative Plan

A-22. The platoon leader begins mission analysis when receiving the mission. During mission analysis, the platoon leader—

  • Restates the mission.
  • Conducts an initial risk assessment.
  • Identifies a tentative decisive point.
  • Defines his own intent.

A-23. He conducts mission analysis to help him start developing his vision, and to confirm what he must do to accomplish his mission. At the lower levels, leaders conduct their mission analyses by evaluating METT-TC. He makes significant deductions about the terrain, enemy, and own forces affecting operations. These significant deductions drive the planning process and execution of operations. A leader must convey to his subordinates the importance of these deductions, and effect they will have on the units operations. In the end, the usefulness of mission analysis lies in recognizing and capitalizing on opportunities. The answers to the following questions become inputs into developing a COA. Mission analysis has no time standard. A leader may take as much time as needed, while still adhering to the one-third/two-thirds rule. Mission analysis answers the four questions of the leader’s visualization:

  • What is my mission?
  • What is the current situation?
  • How do we accomplish the mission?
  • What are the risks?

Next: A-24: METT-TC

Go Back To: U.S. Army FM 3-21.8: The Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad