Previous: D-67: Personnel Searches
D-75. Convoy security missions are conducted when insufficient friendly forces are available to continuously secure lines of communication in an area of operation. They also may be conducted in conjunction with route security missions. A convoy security force operates to the front, flanks, and rear of a convoy element moving along a designated route. Convoy security missions are offensive in nature and orient on the force being protected.
D-76. To protect a convoy, the security force must accomplish the following critical tasks:
- Reconnoiter and determine the trafficability of the route the convoy will travel.
- Clear the route of obstacles or positions from where the threat could influence movement along the route.
- Provide early warning and prevent the threat from impeding, harassing, containing, seizing, or destroying the convoy.
- Protect the escorted force from enemy contact
- React decisively to enemy contact
D-77. Company-sized units utilizing its platoons and larger organizations usually perform convoy or route security missions. Convoy security provides protection for a specific convoy. Route security aims at securing a specific route for a designated period, during which multiple convoys may use the route. These missions include numerous tasks such as reconnaissance, security, escorting, and establishing a combat reaction force. These tasks become missions for subordinate units. The size of the unit performing the convoy or route security operation depends on many factors, including the size of the convoy, terrain, and length of the route. For example, a platoon or squad can escort convoys, perform route reconnaissance, and establish traffic control post along main supply routes.