Infantry Drills

4-31: Lines of Effort

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4-31. All activities in the information environment communicate in some way. They serve to make an impression on minds of those that observe or hear those
communications. Leaders and staffs distinguish the two lines of effort by intention of the communicator and the message. Sometimes, a communication intended merely to inform might eventually lead to a changed opinion or behavior. A communication designed to influence may not achieve the desired outcome. (Refer to FM 3-13 for more information.)

Next: 4-32: Movement and Maneuver

Go Back To: U.S. Army FM 3-21.8: The Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad