Infantry Drills

6-99: Actions on the Objective – Raid

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6-99. A raid is a surprise attack against a position or installation for a specific purpose other than seizing and holding the terrain. It is conducted to destroy a position or installation, destroy or capture enemy soldiers or equipment, or free prisoners. A raid patrol retains terrain just long enough to accomplish the intent of the raid. A raid always ends with a planned withdrawal off the objective and a return to the main body.

6-100. Raids are characterized by the following:

  • Destruction of essential systems or facilities (command and control nodes, logistical areas, other high value areas).
  • Provide or deny critical information.
  • Securing of hostages or prisoners.
  • Confusing the enemy or disrupting his plans.
  • Detailed information collection (significant collection assets committed).
  • Mission command from the higher headquarters to synchronize the operation.
  • Creating a window of opportunity.

6-101. Raids normally are conducted in five phases—(See figure 6-5, page 6-26.)

  1. Approach the objective.
  2. Isolate the objective area.
  3. Set conditions for the assault element.
  4. Assault the objective.
  5. Tactical movement away from the objective area.
Figure 6-5. The five phases of a raid

Next: 6-102: Actions on the Objective – Ambush

Go Back To: U.S. Army FM 3-21.8: The Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad